This example demonstrates a few basic features of the OpenPDF library. (OpenPDF is a fork of the iText library that uses a business-friendly license; the latest jar file can be found here) The code creates a 2-page PDF document using various fonts, adds a header (containing the page number) and a footer, draws simple graphics (a couple of lines), and adds text both at an absolute position, and sequentially in a natural flow. It also adds an image, a table that shows various table features, and finally, rotated text.

With the help of the android-awt library, OpenPDF can even be used on Android.

An alternative to OpenPDF is Apache PdfBox, although its API is not as full-featured. PdfBox shows how to use it to create a PDF.

import java.awt.Color;

import com.lowagie.text.*;
import com.lowagie.text.alignment.HorizontalAlignment;
import com.lowagie.text.pdf.*;

public class OpenPDFExample

    public static void main (String[] args)

        // creation of the document with a certain size and certain margins
        // (you can use PageSize.Letter instead of PageSize.A4)
        Document document = new Document(PageSize.A4, 50505050);
            // creation of the different writers
            PdfWriter writer = PdfWriter.getInstance(document, new FileOutputStream("OpenPDFExample.pdf"));

            // various fonts
            BaseFont bf_helv = BaseFont.createFont(BaseFont.HELVETICA, "Cp1252"false);
            BaseFont bf_times = BaseFont.createFont(BaseFont.TIMES_ROMAN, "Cp1252"false);
            BaseFont bf_courier = BaseFont.createFont(BaseFont.COURIER, "Cp1252"false);
            BaseFont bf_symbol = BaseFont.createFont(BaseFont.SYMBOL, "Cp1252"false);

            // headers and footers must be added before the document is opened
            HeaderFooter footer = new HeaderFooter(
                        new Phrase("This is page: "new Font(bf_courier)), true);

            HeaderFooter header = new HeaderFooter(
                        new Phrase("This is a header without a page number"new Font(bf_symbol)), false);


            int y_line1 = 650;
            int y_line2 = y_line1 - 50;
            int y_line3 = y_line2 - 50;

            // draw a few lines ...
            PdfContentByte cb = writer.getDirectContent();
            cb.moveTo(250, y_line3 - 100);
            cb.lineTo(250, y_line1 + 100);
            cb.moveTo(50, y_line1);
            cb.lineTo(400, y_line1);
            cb.moveTo(50, y_line2);
            cb.lineTo(400, y_line2);
            cb.moveTo(50, y_line3);
            cb.lineTo(400, y_line3);
            // ... and some text that is aligned in various ways
            cb.setFontAndSize(bf_helv, 12);
            String text = "Sample text for alignment";
            cb.showTextAligned(PdfContentByte.ALIGN_CENTER, text + " Center"250, y_line1, 0);
            cb.showTextAligned(PdfContentByte.ALIGN_RIGHT, text + " Right"250, y_line2, 0);
            cb.showTextAligned(PdfContentByte.ALIGN_LEFT, text + " Left"250, y_line3, 0);

            // add an image, scale it down by half, and put at an absolute position
            try {
                Image simple = Image.getInstance("Simple.jpg");
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                System.out.println("no image for you");

            // start second page

            // add text in three paragraphs from top to bottom with various font styles
            Paragraph par = new Paragraph("bold paragraph");
            par = new Paragraph("italic paragraph");
            par = new Paragraph("underlined and strike-through paragraph");
            par.getFont().setStyle(Font.UNDERLINE | Font.STRIKETHRU);

            // demonstrate some table features
            Table table = new Table(3);
                // 2 pixel wide blue border
            table.setBorderColor(new Color(00255));
            Cell c = new Cell("header");
            c = new Cell("example cell with rowspan 2 and red border");
            c.setBorderColor(new Color(25500));
            c = new Cell("align center");
            cell = new Cell("big cell");
            c = new Cell("align right");

            // add text at an absolute position
            cb.setFontAndSize(bf_times, 14);
            cb.showText("Text at position 100, 300.");

            // rotated text at an absolute position
            PdfTemplate template = cb.createTemplate(300300);                
            template.setFontAndSize(bf_times, 14);
            template.showText("Rotated text at position 400, 200.");

            float rotate = 90;
            float x = 400;
            float y = 200;
            float angle  = (float) (-rotate * (Math.PI / 180));
            float xScale = (floatMath.cos(angle);
            float yScale = (floatMath.cos(angle);
            float xRot   = (float) -Math.sin(angle);
            float yRot   = (floatMath.sin(angle);

            cb.addTemplate(template, xScale, xRot, yRot, yScale, x, y);

            // we're done!

        } catch (Exception ex) {